- Sarah is in her car. She is on her way to work. She’s driving to work.
- This means: she is driving now, at the time of speaking. The action is not finished.
- am/is/are + -ing is the present continuous
I am doing something = I started doing it and I haven’t finished; I’m in the middle of doing it.
Sometimes the action is not happening at the time of speaking.
For example: Steve is talking to a friend on the phone. He says: I’m reading a really good book at the moment. It’s about a man who …
- Steve says ‘I’m reading …’ but he is not reading the book at the time of speaking.
- He means that he has started reading the book, but has not finished it yet. He is in the middle of reading it.
- You can use the present continuous with today / this week / this year etc. (periods around now)
- We use the present continuous when we talk about a change that has started to happen. We often use these verbs in this way:
- getting, becoming
- changing, improving
- starting, beginning
- increasing, rising, falling, growing